NEWS LITERACY RESOURCES:
Explore resources to help students understand the proliferation of "fake news" and how to be critical information consumers.
How to choose your news - Damon Brown TED-Ed (4.48)
How false news can spread - Noah Tavlin. TED-Ed (3.41)
Why the News Isn't Really the News. Epipheo-TV (2.21)
Ryan Holiday, the author of, "Trust Me, I'm Lying," shares a bit about how he has manipulated media to get bogus, anonymous stories to the front-page of news media outlets. He wonders if many of our news stories can even be trusted because the system by which news outlets pick up their stories is flawed. In fact, the news may not really be the news at all. Good explanation of why if you're not paying for a product online, then you ARE the product.
For a variety of other videos on News Literacy, check out Edutopia’s 5-Minute Film Festival
When discussing news with students, it’s important to explain the basics of how journalism is supposed to work. Many students don’t really know what a newspaper is or that there is a code of ethics for reporters.
The Society of Professional Journalists code states four guiding principles, Seek Truth and Report It, Minimize Harm, Act Independently, Be Accountable and Transparent. Explore the nuances of these principles further at:
Stanford University's History Education group published the research report that started the buzz about students’ ability to determine the difference between fake news and real news reporting. The summary includes the evaluation tools used - see if you know how to tell what is news and what is not!
Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Civic Online Reasoning. Executive Summary, Stanford History Education Group. Produced with the support of the Robert R. McCormick Foundation. https://sheg.stanford.edu/upload/V3LessonPlans/Exe...
The Executive Summary shared disturbing results:
By high school, we would hope that students reading about gun laws would notice that a chart came from a gun owners’ political action committee. And, in 2016, we would hope college students, who spend hours each day online, would look beyond a .org URL and ask who’s behind a site that presents only one side of a contentious issue. But in every case and at every level, we were taken aback by students’ lack of preparation . . .
Never have we had so much information at our fingertips. Whether this bounty will make us smarter and better informed or more ignorant and narrow-minded will depend on our awareness of this problem and our educational response to it. At present, we worry that democracy is threatened by the ease at which disinformation about civic issues is allowed to spread and flourish. (pp. 5-6)
Stony Brook University’s Center for News Literacy Digital Resource Center has a wide variety of information and lesson plans about many aspects of News Literacy, including customizable lesson plans.
The News Literacy Project from the LA Times offers open-access digital learning units and a variety of video resources on News Literacy geared for Middle and High School students.
NewseumED offers online resources from the actual physical museum free for educators. There are lesson plans, digital artifacts, and case studies that can be adapted for use in any classroom.
The Harrington School at the University of Rhode Island has compiled an extensive list of resources for teaching media literacy in K-12 classrooms.
Time for Kids video about News Literacy, with brief, age-appropriate explanations about the proliferation of news and how that impacts news consumers.
TOOLS FOR NEWS LITERACY:
FactCheck.org from the Annenberg Public Policy Center answers questions about the accuracy of so-called facts from current media sources. You can search their archives as well as monitor current issues.
The Washington Post claims to provide the truth behind “statements from political figures regarding issues of great importance.”
Politifact is the originator of the Truth-o-meter and provides fact checking on a variety of political issues.
Snopes has been providing fact-checking for internet hoaxes since the 1990’s and continues to publish thorough explanations of their process and findings on a wide variety of rumors and stories.
HoaxSlayer has been “debunking hoaxes and exposing scams since 2003.” Another place to look for media related hoaxes.
Whois lookup allows you to use the clues in the domain name to find out more about a particular website.
Valenza, Joyce. “Truth, Truthiness, Triangulation: A News Literacy Toolkit for a ‘Post-Truth’ World.” NeverEndingSearch, School Library Journal , 26 Nov. 2016, blogs.slj.com/neverendingsearch/2016/11/26/truth-truthiness-triangulation-and-the-librarian-way-a-news-literacy-toolkit-for-a-post-truth-world/.